In programming, you must not be afraid of trying new things, you need to instead get to the work, start doing your research, and start setting up your system, so that you may develop your application.
If you are too afraid, to try new things all the time, you will never be able, to develop that great application that you have in mind.
Developing that application will not only help you out, but it will also change your life forever, but you have to remember to do what you thought you couldn’t do, in order to reach your full programming potentials.
In today's article, we are going to talk about GitHub, a version control system, which is used today, by many programmers around the world.
GitHub, was developed to help developers and programmers, maintain a controlled version of their code, when they are developing their applications.
The emphasis of Git is to control the revision of your code, and help you manage your system, with speed and efficiency.
Linus Torvalds, was the person behind the original design of GitHub, he created this system for the Linux kernel development needs.
Git is distributed under the term of the GNU, which means that it is a free system to use for anyone, because it has a General Public License.
You can use Git, for project version control, which are distributed to other contributors, while at the same time making progress on your, web-based and non-web-based applications, without having to worry about overwriting someone else’s contribution.
In order for you to use Git though, you need to have some level of exposure to software development, and this article assumes that you are going to use Git to handle all levels, of the application development cycle.
A working knowledge of web development and non-web-based application development would also be beneficial, for you to successfully use Git.
I wouldn’t use the system, if my programming skills were not up to par, because this is a social system where people would know immediately, whether or not you know what you are doing within the system and it can be a bit embarrassing to tell your peers that you don’t know how to program, but want to participate in projects, that requires for you to be able to program.
For example, when you don’t know what you are doing, while you dance at a party, it can get really embarrassing, so you can just imagine how GitHub gets down.
As a social network, which has completely changed the way we work, GitHub has to be one of the things you know, in today's programming arena.
If you don’t know GitHub, you are not considered to be part of the cool kids club, and you will be lagging in technology, because you are not going to be able to keep up with the newest technological advances that are occurring around the world.
GitHub is one of the largest storage space for collaborative works, which are around the world.
Although it only started as a developer's collaborative platform; today anyone who has a project can use it.
Your project doesn’t necessarily have to be program inclined or related, but you do have to be in the business of developing a project that creates something of value.
What this means is that your project has to actually be of value to people, so that other members can see value in your project, and want to participate in your project.
Remember this system is a social network system, and you better be ready to socialize.
You do need to participate as well in your project or other people’s projects, if you are an experienced programmer.
You will find a lot of knowledge, about all aspects of programming, which is the result of a global grind that has resulted in a lot of information, which pertains to programming.
When you are a member of GitHub, you will be brushing shoulders, with very experienced programmers, who have created some of the most popular, websites and applications around the world.
It would be to your advantage to go ahead and create a user name and a password and be part of the GitHub system, and allow those programmers to teach you a thing or two.
If you are an experienced programmer though, maybe you can honor us with your knowledge and we could learn a thing or two from you.
Major companies, used to create their knowledge base privately; however, since the creation of GitHub, all their coding and knowledge, is available to anyone, who want to download, study and develop anything on whatever they add to the network.
If you don't have a GitHub account yet, I suggest you get one and get going, with your development ambitions.
I am not giving you a sales pitch neither, because GitHub does not get paid by their members, this is a free system that you can use, to showcase your talent and be part of one of the biggest network of software developers that exist in the whole world.
Also make sure you take a look at the educational videos, found at GitHub, because that knowledge will definitely benefit you, even if your knowledge is that of a beginner's knowledge or of an experience programmer.
Even the most professionals and most knowledgeable people about computer programming, can learn to benefit from GitHub.
GitHub allows software developer to work together, by maintaining a complete history, of their work, with a software called Version Control System (VCS).
Developers can simultaneously work together with a VCS, and learn to contribute to the same projects.
Through VCS developers also avoid overwriting, over the work of each other.
A history of the version of a developer's code is also maintained through a VCS.
Centralized version control system (CVCS) and distributed or decentralized version control system (DVCS) are the two types of a version control system that exist today.
GitHub is not a social media network website, which is similar to other social networking sites, it is not a development tool either, and you also won't be able to code or compile your code with GitHub.
You also won’t be wasting your time as you would do with other social network websites, when you use GitHub.
GitHub is there, to help you upload your projects, after of course, you have built your profile, and share your project with others, who you are following, or are following your account.
When you share your project, other programmers around the world will suggest you things, for you to add to your code, or enhance your application.
You can also show of, other types of documents, such as text documents on GitHub, because there is nothing on GitHub, preventing you from, sharing any type of documents.
You can also allow other users to contribute to your project, so that they can enhance your application and be part of your application development ambitions.
A central server is used in a centralized version control system, which stores all your files, so that you can allow your team, to enter their collaboration.
The only disadvantage of a CVCS type of VCS, is that if the server goes down, for a period of time, then for that period of time, you and no-one in your team, would be able to share and collaborate, to your project.
Also, if that server happens to go down, or it becomes corrupted, then you may lose your project and all collaborations, if there were no proper back up plans, set up for that server.
Make sure that you have a proper system to back up your project if you are using the CVCS type of VCS system on GitHub.
The distributed version control system, is the ideal type of VCS, if you would like to avoid the headache of losing your projects.
A repository is mirrored, in a DVCS type of VCS, which means, that users do not have direct access, to the project.
The repository from a client, can always be copied back, to the server, if the server happens to go down, so that it may be restored.
In a DVCS type of VCS, Git does not rely on the central server, which means that a full back up of the repository is performed, every time a client checks out a project.
You can perform many operations, when you are offline, you can commit changes, view logs, and create branches.
The latest changes, only take effect, when you want to publish your changes, then you are required to connect to the Internet.
We should mention that GitHub, have the best terms of service agreement, on the Internet currently as well, which means that you retain total ownership of any project you upload.
So you don't have to worry, about losing your projects, or having them become the property, of another company or an individual who is able to see your idea and want to quickly replicate it.
A situation where a person steals another person’s idea by looking at their code, is rare, so don’t worry too much about that part.
GitHub is very fast, because most operations, are performed locally, and there is no need to interact with the remote server, for every operation that is performed on GitHub either.
The run-time overhead, that is associated with most other high-level languages, is avoided, because the core part of Git has been written in C.
Also, the size of the data, in the repository that Git mirrors is relatively small, also giving you more speed, when you and your team members work on your projects.
Also if you lose your data on Git, is because you were just trying to do just that, because the chance of losing your data on Git are very small.
You can also lose your data on GitHub, if you don’t have a proper system, to back up your project on GitHub.
GitHub is also very secure, because it uses a common cryptographic, hash function, also known as secure hash function (SHA1), which names and identifies objects, which are within the database.
Also the date, the change of a file, and the commit messages, of projects or files, can't be changed, unless Git is notified, because Git uses a check-summed, to commit and retrieve files and projects.
Powerful, hard drives are also not necessary, with Git, unless CVCS is in use, then the server has to be powerful enough to serve requests to the entire team.
If the team is small enough, then that wouldn't be the case, because the team is a small one; however, if the team grows, then the hardware limitations, may affect the project.
So prepare in advance and make sure you understand how to use the system, before you even start to use it, so that it won’t become a headache to you and your team members, later during your application or software development cycle.
The Git software, allows you and your coworkers or team, to upload revisions, of a project and Git will save two copies of the project.
The changes, can later be merged together, and neither one of you would lose your material and work.
If you think, that an older revision was better than the updates you made, you can also revert to an earlier version of your project, at any time.
Every change, ever made in Git, a snapshot is also created, so that you can easily revert back to older revisions of your code.
So you see, you don’t get to lose anything on GitHub, because those who created the system, were thinking about all types of scenarios on how to lose your projects online and rectified those problems.
Git is very ancient, this means that you have to use the command line or terminal in order for you, to get anything done in it.
If you are a modern computer user, who is only used to using, a graphical user interface (GUI), then you may face a lot of problems, using Git for custom operations.
If you don't know how to use the command line or a terminal, GitHub would be able to help you though to a certain extent.
GitHub provides, a graphical user interface, which you would have to download unto your computer, to be able to fully use Git.
The graphical user interface (GUI) is helpful, but remember, you may have to open up the command prompt or the terminal, to do custom work on GitHub.
So far I've told you nothing but good things about GitHub, so now it is up to you to make use of it, and realize its power, don't just finish with GitHub at the end of this article, I am sure that you are here because you would want to know more about the software and how it works.
So download yourselves a copy of the software, create a profile and learn to use your software, so that you can take advantage of all the knowledge that is available to you via GitHub.
Thank you for reading this article!!!