Some Fundamental Definitions In The Science of Chemistry Part II

  • Posted on: 24 February 2017
  • By: Hernando Cadet
chemistry

Chemistry is a great field of study, one must and have to understand, this fact, if not, we are not going to be able to fundamentally understand, the chemistry, in which our world is built on.

In order to advance, in our understanding of chemistry, we are going to talk about some fundamental definitions in chemistry.

In today’s article, we are going to talk, about the three main states of matter, and understand, how matter is able to change, from one state to the other.

There are three states, in our current dimension, in which matter commonly occurs, these states are known as the three physical forms, of matter.

Namely, these three states, in which matter, usually appears, into this reality are known to be: the solid, liquid and gas states of matter.

The state a general substance, would have, would be defined, by the way it fills a container, and when that container is viewed with magnified tools, it would also show, the atomic-scale arrangement of the particle.

When we analyze a solid, we can see that, it has, a fixed shape, which does not conform, to the shape, of the container.

Solid wax is soft, solid iron is rigid and solid lead is flexible; therefore, solids are said to not be defined by rigidity or hardness.

In solids, the arrangement of the particles, is close together, and highly organized, to form the solid.

A liquid has its particles, close together as well, but are highly disorganized; therefore, a liquid, conforms to the shape of its container.

As Bruce Lee, once said, be like water

“Be like water making its way through cracks.

Do not be assertive, but adjust to the object, and you shall find a way around or through it.

If nothing within you stays rigid, outward things will disclose themselves.

Empty your mind, be formless.

Shapeless, like water.

If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup.

You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle.

You put it in a teapot, it becomes the teapot.

Now, water can flow or it can crash.

Be water, my friend.

Anyways, back to the fact of the matter, liquids form a surface as well, because liquids do fill containers, to the extent of the liquid’s volume.

If we were to look at a container, which had a substance, and we find that the particles are far apart and disorganized, then we are dealing with a gas, which conforms, to the shape of a container as well, similar to liquids; but a gas, does not form a surface, because they fill an entire containers.

The particles in a gas have great distances usually, between one another, and throughout the container, they move randomly.

In liquids, particle, lie together, but move randomly around one another, and in solids particles, have a defined shape, they lie next to each other, and form a three dimensional array.

Many substances can exist, in each of the three physical states and undergo, changes in state as well, depending on the temperature, and pressure of the surroundings.

We have made some more progress in the study of Chemistry article series, for this article we have come to the end of the conversation, but don’t forget to search out the website and find out more about chemistry.

Thanks, you for reading!!!